Jeanne d'Arc of China:
Television[ edit ] For those born after World War IIthe emergence of television as a source of entertainment and information—as well as the associated massive expansion of consumerism afforded by post-war affluence and encouraged by TV advertising —were key components in creating disillusionment for some younger people and in the formulation of new social behaviours, even as ad agencies heavily courted the "hip" youth market.
New cinema[ edit ] The breakdown of enforcement of the US Hays Code  concerning censorship in motion picture production, the use of new forms of artistic expression in European and Asian cinema, and the advent of modern production values heralded a new era of art-housepornographicand mainstream film production, distribution, and exhibition.
The end of censorship resulted in a complete reformation of the western film industry. With new-found artistic freedom, a generation of exceptionally talented New Wave film makers working across all genres brought realistic depictions of previously prohibited subject matter to neighborhood theater screens for the first time, even as Hollywood film studios were still considered a part of the establishment by some elements of the counterculture.
New radio[ edit ] A family watches television, c. As the era progressed, many people established and populated new communities in response to not only disillusionment with standard community forms, but also dissatisfaction with certain elements of the counterculture itself.
Some of these self-sustaining communities have been credited with the birth and propagation of the international Green Movement. The emergence of an interest in expanded spiritual consciousness, yogaoccult practices and increased human potential helped to shift views on organized religion during the era.
These included the wearing of very long hair by men,  the wearing of natural or " Afro " hairstyles by black people, the donning of revealing clothing by women in public, and the mainstreaming of the psychedelic clothing and regalia of the short-lived hippie culture.
Ultimately, practical and comfortable casual apparel, namely updated forms of T-shirts often tie-dyedor emblazoned with political or advertising statementsand Levi Strauss-branded blue denim jeans  became the enduring uniform of the generation.
The fashion dominance of the counterculture effectively ended with the rise of the Disco and Punk Rock eras in the later s, even as the global popularity of T-shirts, denim jeans, and casual clothing in general have continued to grow. Emergent middle-class drug culture[ edit ] In the western world, the ongoing criminal legal status of the recreational drug industry was instrumental in the formation of an anti-establishment social dynamic by some of those coming of age during the counterculture era.
The explosion of marijuana use during the era, in large part by students on fast-expanding college campuses,  created an attendant need for increasing numbers of people to conduct their personal affairs in secret in the procurement and use of banned substances.
The classification of marijuana as a narcoticand the attachment of severe criminal penalties for its use, drove the act of smoking marijuana, and experimentation with substances in general, deep underground.
Many began to live largely clandestine lives because of their choice to use such drugs and substances, fearing retribution from their governments.
Many younger people began to show deep distrust of police, and terms such as " fuzz " and "pig" as derogatory epithets for police reappeared, and became key words within the counterculture lexicon.
The distrust of police was based not only on fear of police brutality during political protests, but also on generalized police corruption - especially police manufacture of false evidence, and outright entrapment, in drug cases.
In the US, the social tension between elements of the counterculture and law enforcement reached the breaking point in many notable cases, including: The widely accepted assertion that anti-war opinion was held only among the young is a myth,   but enormous war protests consisting of thousands of mostly younger people in every major US city, and elsewhere across the Western world, effectively united millions against the war, and against the war policy that prevailed under five US congresses and during two presidential administrations.
Carnaby Street, London, The UK Underground was a movement linked to the growing subculture in the US and associated with the hippie phenomenon, generating its own magazines and newspapers, fashion, music groups, and clubs. They saw peace, exploring a widened area of consciousness, love and sexual experimentation as more worthy of their attention than entering the rat race.
The straight, consumerist lifestyle was not to their liking, but they did not object to others living it. But at that time the middle classes still felt they had the right to impose their values on everyone else, which resulted in conflict.
These events served as inspiration for the " Sponti " movement and other leftist groups. This second phase of Kommune 1 was characterized by sex, music and drugs.
Soon, the commune was receiving visitors from all over the world, including Jimi Hendrix. Long hair for males during this time was considered an expression of political and social attitudes in communist Czechoslovakia.
Mops were banned from entering pubs, cinema halls, theatres and using public transportation in several Czech cities and towns. As a response, the "community of long-haired" organized a protest in Prague. More than people cheered slogans such as "Give us back our hair!
The state police arrested the organizers and several participants of the meeting. Some of them were given prison sentences. Strongly identified as part of the underground pressit was the subject of two celebrated obscenity trials, one in Australia in and the other in the United Kingdom in Behaviorism.
Behaviorism was a movement in psychology and philosophy that emphasized the outward behavioral aspects of thought and dismissed the inward experiential, and sometimes the inner procedural, aspects as well; a movement harking back to the methodological proposals of John B.
Watson, who coined the name.
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Indian literature includes everything which is included in the word ‘literature’ in its broadest, sense: religious and mundane, epic and lyric, dramatic and didactic poetry, narrative and scientific prose, as well as oral poetry and song.
Certainly, open heterosexual relationships are nothing new. Even the term “open relationship” seems like a throwback, uncomfortably reminiscent of free-love hippies, greasy swingers and a. Despite this, the term ‘cultural revolution’ is certainly useful when applied to the sixties in a number of examples; attitudes to authority were challenged, women gained greater access into education and music appeared to unite and give voice to rebellious protesters who sought a change in ideas and values.