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Name[ edit ] The verb dub is defined as making a copy of one recording to another. The process of using previously recorded material, modifying the material, and Reggae music essay recording it to a new master mix, in effect doubling or "dubbing" the material, was utilized by Jamaican producers when making dubs.
The most frequent meanings referred to either a form of erotic dance or sexual intercourse;  such usage is frequently present in names of reggae songs, for instance, of The Silvertones ' "Dub the Pum Pum" where pum pum is Jamaican slang for female genitaliaBig Joe and Fay's "Dub a Dawta" dawta is Jamaican slang for girlfriend.
I-Roy 's "Sister Maggie Breast" features several references on sex: I man a-dub it on the side Say little sister you can run but you can't hide Slip you got to slide you got to open your crotches wide Peace and love abide Some musicians, for instance Bob Marley and The Wailershad alternative meanings for the term dub.
In concert, the order "dub this one! Drummer Sly Dunbar points to a similar interpretation, relating the term dubwise to using only drums and bass. The ghosts of these victims, or "duppies", are thought to be captured best within the dub instrumentals.
To describe dub in his study "When Echoes Return", Louis Chude-Sokei states, "Its swirling echoes are metaphors of loss while the disembodied voices and gunshots mimic the sound of ghosts, the sudden dead. Music of Jamaica Dub music is characterized by a "version" or "double"  of an existing song, often instrumental, using B-sides of 45 RPM records and typically emphasizing the drums and bass for a sound popular in local sound systems.
A "version" is a record with the vocals removed, the alternative cut of a song made for the DJ to toast over. These "versions" were used as the basis of new songs by rerecording them with new elements. Another hallmark of the dub sound is the prominent use of bass guitar.
The music sometimes features other noises, such as birds singing, thunder and lightning, water flowing, and producers shouting instructions at the musicians. It can be further augmented by live DJs. The many-layered sounds with varying echoes and volumes are often said to create soundscapes, or sound sculptures, drawing attention to the shape and depth of the space between sounds as well as to the sounds themselves.
There is usually a distinctly organic feel to the music, even though the effects are electronically created. These are called "DJ Versions". In forms of sound system based reggae, the performer using a microphone is referred to as the " DJ " or " deejay " where in other genres, this performer might be termed the "MC", meaning "Master of Ceremonies", or alternately, the later developed slang terms: A major reason for producing multiple versions was economic; a record producer could use a recording he owned to produce numerous versions from a single studio session.
A version was also an opportunity for a producer or remix engineer to experiment and express their more creative side.
The version was typically the B-side of a single, and used for experimenting and providing something for DJs to talk over, while the A-side was more often dedicated to the original vocal-oriented track.
In the s, LP albums of dub tracks were produced, often simply the dub version of an existing vocal LP, but sometimes a selection of original instrumental tracks produced in dub style for which no vocals existed. History[ edit ] Lee "Scratch" Perry was an early pioneer of the genre Dub music and toasting introduced a new era of creativity in reggae music.
From their beginning, toasting and dub music developed together and influenced each other. The development of sound system culture influenced the development of studio techniques in Jamaica,  and the earliest DJsincluding Duke Reid and Prince Buster among others, were toasting over instrumental versions of reggae and developing instrumental reggae music.
The invention was a success, and Ruddy needed to play the instrumental continuously for half an hour to an hour that day.
Because of King Tubby's innovative approach, the resulting instrumental track was more than just a track without a voice — King Tubby interchanged the vocals and the instrumental, playing the vocals first, then playing the riddim, then mixing them together.
From this point on, they started to call such tracks "versions. Sound systems' sound men wanted the tracks they played at dances to be slightly different each time, so they would order numerous copies of the same record from a studio, each with a different mix.
Errol Thompson engineered the first strictly instrumental reggae album, entitled The Undertaker by Derrick Harriott and the Crystallites. This album was released in This innovative album credits "Sound Effects" to Derrick Harriott. It is considered a landmark recording of this genre.
InKeith Hudson released his classic Pick a Dubwidely considered to have been the first deliberately thematic dub album, with tracks specifically mixed in the dub style for the purpose of appearing together on an LP, and King Tubby released his two debut albums At the Grass Roots of Dub and Surrounded by the Dreads at the National Arena.
Recent history Early s—present [ edit ] Dub has continued to evolve, its popularity waxing and waning with changes in musical fashion.
Almost all reggae singles still carry an instrumental version on the B-side and these are still used by the sound systems as a blank canvas for live singers and DJs.
In the Japanese band Mute Beat would create dub music using live instruments such as trumpets rather than studio equipment, and became a precursor to the acid jazzambient and trip hop music genres.
It was also the time when dub made its influence known in the work of harder edged, experimental producers such as Mikey Dread with UB40 and The Clash, Adrian Sherwood and the roster of artists on his On-U Sound label.Reggae Drumming Essay Words | 3 Pages.
Discuss the theoretical and technical concepts of reggae drumming, with reference to its historical context ( words) Reggae is a music style (genre) which developed in the Caribbean (Jamaica) in the late 60s, which originated from the development of “Ska” and “Rocksteady”.
Reggae Music Essay Sample. Reggae music, through the hard works of its pioneers during the ‘60’s and the ‘70’s was intensely brilliant during its golden age.
It has a very rich past and intriguingly unique start and a much awaited progress to a music full of potentials and influences. Reggae Routes is by far the best written and most entertaining book on reggae. Unlike so many others that get bogged down on irrelevant details it cuts to the chase and tells you everything a curious and intelligent person could want to know about Jamaican Music.
World-Wide Black Radio Stations A collective guide to radio stations around the world, with radio formats catering to the Black, Urban, African American market and fans there of. Billboard - Music Charts, Music News, Artist Photo Gallery and Free Video.
An Overview of Reggae Music Essay Words | 6 Pages. Reggae is a genre of music that originated in Jamaica during the late s. It is known for the heavy and strong emphasis on the bass within the background beat.