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Borderline Personality Disorder Essay: The weight of evidence suggests that there are core atiological features that point to BPD being a distinct disorder Zanarini et al.
However, Cluster A personality disorders use cognitive symptoms and Cluster C use internalizing symptoms Paris, Elaborating on Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms People with BPD are very sensitive to the way others treat them, and are known to exhibit a phenomenon, sometimes called splitting or black-and-white thinking, which includes a positive shift from idealizing others intense love and affectionto negative, devaluing them feeling anger or hate in response to perceived kindness or threats Linehan, They feel emotions more easily, more intensely, deeper and for longer than others, which makes them especially prone to dysphoria, or feelings of mental and emotional distress Linehan, They suffer from a cycle of increased pain from the shame and guilt that follow such impulsive actions they acted on to relieve their emotional pain.
Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment; unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, characterized by alternating between extremes of ideation and devaluation; identity disturbance: The test looks at the four areas of functioning associated with borderline personality disorder, including Affect ,CognitionImpulse action patterns, and Interpersonal relationships Zanarini et al, Problems with education, primarysupport group, and social environment.
Genetic influences, neurobiology, upbringing, culture, and so forth can be conceptualized as precipitating factorsas it is unknown if they Disorder essay papers personality either causal or mediating influences. Social and Cultural Factors Rapid social change, societal disruption, and normlessness, as presented by the lack of Disorder essay papers personality structure and useful roles, appear to be important risk factors in the development of BPD Paris, In regard to etiology there exists an important tension between viewing culture as having a direct influence on the development or exacerbation of BDP.
Paris argues that in developing societies, factors that have a particular emphasis on community resources and extended family networks, with strong family ties, are protective against the development of a personality disorder.
Researchers found that early separations from parents 1 to 3 months were more frequently observed in BPD patients Zanarini et al,as BPD patients are more likely to display angry withdrawing patterns of attachment and compulsive care-seeking patterns.
Personality Disorders in Modern Life. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Friedel, O. R. (). Borderline Personality Disorder Demystified: An Essential Guide for Understanding and Living with BPD, Da Capo Press. The sample of essay you’ve recently read was written on one of the most commonly analyzed topics – borderline personality disorder. - Personality Disorders Personality disorders indicate the presence of chronic rigid and maladjusted personality traits, through which the person's interpersonal or professional . Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder that often causes problems with emotional stability, relationships with friends or family, and poor self images (Nairne, ).
Inadequate bonding with the birth mother or a disapproving father tend to start this personality in a downward spiral; any painful deficits in nurturing care and attention throughout childhood, perpetuate and reinforce this original disturbance Gunderson, Additional research considers that parental over-involvement is important to the disorder.
Within this dynamic attachment figures are often perceived to be unavailable, uncaring or overprotective Gunderson, Individuals from families that cohere around a rigid denial of problems or exhibit a high degree of discord appear to be most vulnerable.
The intensely confusing and paradoxical behavior patterns of the borderline are justified by this rational as simply defenses that were adopted growing up, to adapt to those kinds of experiences in their childhood home zanarini et al, Zanarini and colleagues reported that the risk of developing BPD was 14 times higher in those reporting childhood sexual abuse than physical abuse, prevalent in other PDS.
Not all patients with BPD have histories of trauma and only small minorities of people who experience trauma develop BPD. The best fitting model for BPD had a heritability of 0.
Repeated studies show these abnormalities to be particular causal of that particular impulsive aggression and high level of sensation-seeking behavior as seen in borderline personalities. Since the amygdala generate all emotions, including negative ones, this unusually strong activity may explain the heightened sensitivity, and unusual intense displays of these emotions in others Herpertz et.
The prefrontal cortex is known to mediate executive functioning and regulate emotional arousal, and tends to be less active in people with BPD. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis HPA axis regulates cortisol production, which is released in response to stress.
Increased cortisol production is also associated with an increased risk of suicidal behavior. From a neurological perspective, the noradrenergic abnormalities are valuable in explaining why BPD patients tend to be highly sensitive and responsive to real and benign stimuli Herpertz, et al, Source: Essay UK - http: Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Health work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. About this resource This Health essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.Paranoid personality disorder, the first of the cluster A disorders, is characterized by extreme or unnecessary paranoia, suspiciousness, and a general mistrust of organizations, groups, and others, is found in %% of the population, as a whole and occurs more commonly in males (Frances, ).
Narcissistic personality disorder, the final disorder of the cluster B sub-type is characterized by exaggeration of achievements, preoccupation with success and power, excessive need for admiration, a sense of entitlement, exploitation, envy, . This sample Borderline Personality Disorder Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
Free research papers are not written to satisfy your specific instructions. Admission Essay Writing Service; Annotated Bibliography Writing Service;. Psychology Paper Period 9 Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder Essay Dissociative identity which is formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is a severe form of dissociation, which is a mental process, producing a lack of connection in an individual’s thoughts.
Free personality disorder papers, essays, and research papers. A personality disorder is the basis of many circumstances of maladaptive behavior including substance abuse, self-harm, suicide, and criminality. There are ten different personality disorders, each having specific symptoms, but .